What To Know About Cancer

Cancer occurs anywhere in the body, involving the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells.  According to the World Health Organization (WHO), early detection and implementation of prevention-based diagnostic strategies prevent 30% to 50% of cancers.

At Mahkota Cancer Centre, we aim to help you achieve a cure for cancer, shrink cancer or stop it, allowing you to live a normal life. We are here for you, every step of the way from early detection, diagnosis, treatment to supportive care.

The Symptoms

Early cancer detection does not only save lives but is two to four times less expensive compared to people diagnosed with cancer in more advanced stages. Identify cancer symptoms with us and understand the right time to get proper medical care.

Unexplained Weight Loss

Most with cancer may lose weight at a certain point. An unexplained weight loss of 5 kg or more may be a sign of certain cancers such as pancreatic, stomach, oesophagal or lung.

Unexplained Fever

Persistent and unexplained fever can be early signs for blood cancers such as leukemia or lymphoma.


Identified as extreme tiredness that does not get better with rest, fatigue may happen early in some cancers like leukaemia, or in cancers that cause blood loss such as colon or stomach cancers.


Pain from the cancer can be caused by a tumor pressing on nerves, bones, or organs.

Skin Changes

Skin cancers and other specific types of cancers may cause changes to your skin, such as darker looking skin (hyperpigmentation), reddened skin (erythema), itching (pruritus) and excessive hair growth.

Liver cancers, on the other hand, are associated with yellowish skin and eyes (jaundice)

Five Cancer Risk Factors You Should Know About

Research has shown that certain risk factors may increase a person’s chances of developing cancer. Though some risk factors are unavoidable – such as old age, limiting exposure to avoidable risk factors may lower your risk of developing certain cancers.

Common Types Of Cancer

For the 2012 to 2016 period, the ten highest cancers detected among Malaysians,
in order, were: breast cancer, colorectal, lung, lymphoma, nasopharynx, leukaemia, prostate gland, liver, uterus (cervical), and ovary.


Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer to hit Malaysian women, with one in 19 are at risk of diagnosis.

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6.8 out 100,000 women make up new cervical cancer cases, making it the third most common cancer in Malaysia.

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In Malaysia, colorectal cancer is the most common cancer type in males and the second most common cancer in females.

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Ovarian cancer is common in women above 40 years old and peaks at 55 to 60 years of age, with 50% diagnosed at advanced stages.

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Head and neck cancer are cancers that usually begin in the squamous cells that line the moist, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck.

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Lung cancer is the leading cause of death in Malaysia for 2018 and is the third most common cancer after breast and colorectal cancer.

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Cancer Management

Education is critical to the prevention and early detection of cancer. When it comes to cancer treatment, informed patients and families find it much easier
to make important treatment decisions and support each other through a challenging time.

Seven Tips To Reduce Your Risk Of Cancer

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Understand cancer risk factors for a cost-effective and long-term strategy for the control of cancer.

Chemotherapy: What You Need to Know

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Commonly associated with the treatment of cancer, chemotherapy can be divided into two – cancer chemotherapy and antimicrobial chemotherapy.

Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT)

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Image Guided Radiation Therapy is aimed at improving accuracy in radiation field placement and decrease radiation doses to small tissues.

Cervical Cancer Awareness

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Cervical Cancer is the most preventable cancer. Find out what you can do to prevent it before it is too late.

Breast Cancer Awareness

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Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Malaysia. Find how you can do to reduce your risk.
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Begin your cancer journey with us here at Mahkota Cancer Centre.

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